Thank you, Readers!

Effective March 2017, The Kentucky Civil War Bugle no longer is being updated.
We appreciate your readership and support during our 10-year run.
Our final edition (Jan.-March 2017) may be viewed below.

To view past editions, our archives may be accessed by clicking here.

Ed Ford, Editor/Publisher
The Kentucky Civil War Bugle

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Jan.-March 2017
Vol. 11, No. 1
Richmond, Ky.

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Scroll down to see a list of articles in this issue of The Kentucky Civil War Bugle

New Civil War look
Civil War documentaries have taken on a new look at Discovery’s American Heroes TV Channel. Fish eye lenses have brought
a 360-degree look to “Blood and Fury: America’s Civil War,
a series that debuted Dec. 14. The above is a still from the series.
See Bugle Briefs (Civil War looks great ...) for more details.

‘Where are you?’
The rapidity of artillery fire
often created so much smoke
that cannoneers had problems
seeing through the haze. This
happened recently at the
White Plains Civil War Festival
as crew members were lost in
the fog. –
Photo by Jim Pearson

The eyes have it
Although the use of cosmetics
began some 6,000 years ago,
the Civil War era saw the
“natural” look become more
fashionable. But this
Sacramento re-enactor does
a little enhancement before
meeting with the public at
a recent period event.
The effect was worth it.
Janet Bashline photo

To be, or
not to be?
Arguments about
monuments and
symbols have
existed for
decades, but have
increased in the
past few years.
Proponents of the
shrines note they
honor individuals
and/or common
soldiers and the
values for which
the Confederacy
fought. This statue
is in Montgomery,
See story.

A Kentucky first
The Kentucky flintlock was one of the first weapons used by
the infantry when the Civil War began. The rifling (grooves)
in the barrel and a longer length made the weapon more
See story.

Grant’s historical black mark revoked
thanks to Paducah Jewish merchant

The up-and-down career of General and former U.S. president Ulysses S. Grant was marred by one of the most severe anti-Semitism episodes in American history.

In December 1862, Grant, then a Union brigadier general, issued General Order No. 11, which expelled all Jews from Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi. The order was intended as a punishment for Jewish merchants who were viewed as violating regulations of trade concerning a black market in Southern cotton. More

Random thoughts on slavery …
It began in colonies in 1592, but many
were native Americans, plus Irish

Bugle Staff Writer

We Americans like simple, short solutions to complex problems. The tendency to oversimplify has become a national idiosyncrasy. Such is the case with the complex institution which we refer to as slavery. Few subjects are as complicated as slavery, yet we still insist on simple explanations when discussing it.

Today most people consider slavery barbaric, but this was not always the case. In the ancient world, before slavery existed, if the army of town A defeated the army of town B, it was customary for town A’s army to enter town B and slaughter all inhabitants, men, women and children. Eventually, a new “humanitarian” idea altered this tactic, and slavery was introduced. Yes, it then was considered a humanitarian alternative to obligatory massacres. More

Bugle editorial ...
Everything has beginning, end; it’s time
for editor, publication to designate 30

Nothing lasts forever.

And so it is with The Kentucky Civil War Bugle.

After 10 years and the editor’s 80th birthday, it’s time for the publication and me to step aside.

The Bugle, published four times a year in January, April, July and October, was introduced in a tabloid format in January 2007. It was changed to an electronic format and continued until the present as an online publication. It has grown – as best as we can figure – to a readership of some 20,000. That’s from coast-to-coast and in two foreign countries – Great Britain and Australia. More

Bugle book review…
If Grant had not taken Paducah, could
outcome of Civil War been different?

(PADUCAH AND THE CIVIL WAR, by John Philip Cashon, 118 pages with notes, bibliography and index, The History Press 2016, paperback $21.99)

Bugle Editor

Author John Philip Cashon offers an interesting and, possibly, a very valid point about Paducah in the Civil War.

He contends U.S. Grant’s successful takeover of Paducah in September 1861 was, perhaps, the single most important move the Union general made during the war. More

Boone-founded 28th Kentucky Infantry
saw important action throughout war

Bugle Staff Writer

Union Col. William P. Boone and his son, Col. John Rowan Boone, formed and led the 28th Kentucky Infantry in some of the bloodiest campaigns of the Civil War.

The 28th, under their leadership, saw action in Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana and Texas. From 1861 until being mustered out in January 1866, the regiment lost a total of 112 men during the war.

Some of the key engagements were in Munfordville, Atlanta, Resaca, Kennesaw Mountain, Franklin and Nashville. More

War has its own language, then makes
its way into modern everyday usage

War affects everything. Even words and language.

Here are eight examples that emerged from the Civil War.

In Civil War military prisons, the “dead line” referred to the line drawn around a prison outside of which prisoners were liable to be shot.

In 1920s journalism slang, it became the time by which material had to be ready for inclusion in a particular issue of a publication. More

Bugle Briefs ...
9,000 students have visited battlefields,
historic sites through Field Trip Fund

Through its Field Trip Fund, the Civil War Trust has sent 9,000 young people to battlefields and historic sites in 18 sites across the country. The Trust continues to receive applications every week from teachers who want to take their students to visit America’s hallowed ground. These outdoor classrooms are designed to make Civil War history come alive and makes battlefield field trips available to those who may otherwise not be able to make such a trip.

The field trip fund depends upon contributions from interested donors. Garry Adelman, director of the Trust’s History and Education department, points out that a $40 donation allows two youngsters to visit a battlefield. A $100 gift provides for five visitors, $200 for 10, $500 for 25 and a full classroom, and $1,000 funds 50 and two-three classrooms.

Contributions are made through the Trust’s web site – – or by sending a check to Civil War Trust, 1140 Professional Court, Hagerstown, MD 21740. Adelman can be contacted at or by calling 1-888-606-1400. More

Kentucky flintlock, America’s first rifle,
paved way for long guns of Civil War

Even before there was actually a “United States” there was what could arguably be considered the first true “American rifle.”

Known as the Pennsylvania rifle, the Kentucky rifle or simply the long rifle, it was designed for hunting and was characterized by an unusually long barrel, a unique development that was uncommon in the European rifles of the era.

Military history consultant and former United States Marine Corps Captain Dale Dye explains that in the flintlock era, the long gun was the first to have grooves in the barrel.

“These grooves, or rifling, along with the longer barrel, made the guns much more accurate than the British Brown Bess musket,” he said. More

U of L Confederate monument moved
to Brandenburg after lengthy debate

A controversial 121-year-old Confederate monument at the University of Louisville has been moved to Brandenburg after a long debate about its removal.

The decision came seven months after a heated discussion between Louisville Mayor Greg Fischer and former U of L President James Ramsey. 

“This new location provides an opportunity to remember and respect our history in a more proper context,” Fischer said. “And it’s close enough that Louisvillians can visit.”

Fischer made the decision on moving the city-owned monument after reviewing a list of recommendations from the city’s arts commission. Some two dozen representatives, some as far away as Virginia, said they would welcome the monument. The mayor said many factors influenced his decision, including Brandenburg’s desire to use the statue as part of its biennial Civil War re-enactment, as well as the city’s location along the Ohio River, just 44 miles from Louisville. More

More discussion needed before symbols
of Confederacy are deleted, removed?

“Communities throughout the United States are in the midst of a widespread reconsideration of symbols of the Confederacy and white supremacy,” Modupe Labode acknowledges.

The associate professor of History and Museum Studies at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis notes that arguments over these symbols and calls for monument removals are nothing new. Protests over the display of Confederate monuments and emblems go back decades, he says.

Because the discussions of Confederate monuments are local and engage with interpretations of the past, institutions concerned with local and state history could and, perhaps, should be involved in their communities as they contend with these issues, he continued. More

Kentucky’s Civil War leaders ...
CSA Gen. Hawes chose military career
rather than family’s political service

(EDITOR’S NOTE: This is the 38th in a series about Kentucky’s officers and battle leaders during the Civil War.)

Lexington-born Confederate officer James Morrison Hawes came from a politically prominent family.

His father, Richard, uncle Albert, great-uncle Aylett and cousin Aylett Hawes Buckner all served in the U.S. House of Representatives. But James Hawes saw his career developing in another direction. More

Articles and photos appearing on may be used with permission. For permission, contact Bugle editor Ed Ford at

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